~IAM LOYAL TO THE MAGISTERIUM, AND THE TEACHING OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH~
~ JESUS I TRUST IN YOU ~
Welcome to our web site!
On this home page I'll introduce myselve and highlight important areas on our site. Here is an example of a style we may use.do you see, i say our site; instead of my site.it is Jesus words that are true.He said I'am the way,and the truth, and the life.No one comes to the Father except through me.'" NAB.You know every where Jesus went he Spoke of the Truth,In John 18:37 Jesus Says For this I was born and for this I came into the world,to testify to the truth.Everyone who belongs to the truth listens to my voice.God's words and law are good and true.They are a solid reality on which a man can Base His Life. So this is why I say this is our site,I'm just putting down the words that comes from Jesus.
[WHAT YOU SHOULD DO BEFORE RECEIVEING THE HOLY EUCHARIST AT MASS] "GO TO CONFESSION FIRST AND BE IN A STATE OF GRACE" THIS IS WHAT "ST.PAUL"SAYS ABOUT TAKEING THE HOLY EUCHARIST,~FOR I RECEIVED FROM THE LORD WHAT I ALSO DELIVERED TO YOU,THAT THE LORD JESUS ON THE NIGHT WHEN HE WAS BETRAYED TOOK BREAD,AND WHEN HE HAD GIVEN THANKS,HE BROKE IT,AND SAID,"THIS IS MY BODY WHICH IS FOR YOU. DO THIS IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME." IN THE SAME WAY ALSO THE CUP,AFTER SUPPER,SAYING,"THIS CUP IS THE NEW COVENANT IN MY BLOOD. DO THIS,AS OFTEN AS YOU DRINK IT,IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME."FOR AS OFTEN AS YOU EAT THIS BREAD AND DRINK THE CUP, YOU PROCLAIM THE LORD'S DEATH UNTIL HE COMES.
[WHOEVER,THEREFORE,EATS THE BREAD OR DRINKS THE CUP OF THE LORD IN AN UNWORTHY MANNER WILL BE GUILTY OF PROFANING THE BODY AND BLOOD OF THE LORD. LET A MAN EXAMINE HIMSELF,AND SO EAT OF THE BREAD AND DRINK OF THE CUP,FOR ANY ONE WHO EATS AND DRINKS WITHOUT DISCERNING THE BODY EATS AND DRINKS JUDGMENT UPON HIMSELF.THAT IS WHY MANY OF YOU ARE WEAK AND ILL,AND SOME HAVE DIED.
[BUT IF WE JUDGED OURSELVES TRULY,WE SHOULD NOT BE JUDGED. BUT WHEN WE ARE JUDGED BY THE LORD,WE ARE CHASTENED SO THAT WE MAY NOT BE CONDEMNED ALONG WITH THE WORLD. SO THEN,MY BRETHREN,WHEN YOU COME TOGETHER TO EAT,WAIT FOR ONE ANOTHER--IF ANY ONE IS HUNGRY,LET HIM EAT AT HOME--LEST YOU COME TOGETHER TO BE CONDEMNED. ABOUT THE OTHER THINGS I WILL GIVE DIRECTIONS WHEN I COME.CHECK YOUR BIBLE ON THIS,GO TO (1Corinthians 11:23-34)
[WHY DO I NOT DO THE GOOD I WANT TO DO?][AND WHY DO I DO THE EVIL I DO NOT WANT TO DO?]A COMMENTARY ON [ROMANS 7:14-25] STARTING AT VERSE 14.WE KNOW THAT THE LAW IS SPIRITUAL; BUT I AM UNSPIRITUAL,SOLD AS A SLAVE TO SIN. 15. I DO NOT UNDERSTAND WHAT I DO.FOR WHAT I WANT TO DO I DO NOT DO,BUT WHAT I HATE I DO.16. AND IF I DO WHAT I DO NOT WANT TO DO,I AGREE THAT THE LAW IS GOOD.17.AS IT IS,IT IS NO LONGER I MYSELF WHO DO IT,BUT IT IS SIN LIVING IN ME.18.I KNOW THAT NOTHING GOOD LIVES IN ME,THAT IS,IN MY SINFUL NATURE.(1)FOR I HAVE THE DESIRE TO DO WHAT IS GOOD,BUT I CANNOT CARRY IT OUT.19. FOR WHAT I DO IS NOT THE GOOD I WANT TO DO; NO,THE EVIL I DO NOT WANT TO DO-THIS I KEEP ON DOING.20. NOW IF I DO WHAT I DO NOT WANT TO DO,IF IS NO LONGER I WHO DO IT,BUT IT IS SIN LIVING IN ME THAT DOES IT.21.SO I FIND THIS LAW AT WORK: WHEN I WANT TO DO GOOD,EVIL IS RIGHT THERE WITH ME.22. FOR IN MY INNER BEING I DELIGHT IN GOD'S LAW.23.BUT I SEE ANOTHER LAW AT WORK IN THE MEMBERS OF MY BODY,WAGING WAR AGAINST THE LAW OF MY MIND AND MAKING ME A PRISONER OF THE LAW OF SIN AT WORK WITHIN MY MEMBERS.24.WHAT A WRETCHED MAN I AM! WHO WILL RESCUE ME FROM THIS BODY OF DEATH?25. THANKS BE TO GOD-THROUGH JESUS CHRIST OUR LORD! SO THEN,I MYSELF IN MY MIND AM A SLAVE TO GOD'S LAW,BUT IN THE SINFUL NATURE A SLAVE TO THE LAW OF SIN.(ROMANS.7:14-25 niv)
We are honored that you are visiting our web site. Being a catholic site, we are always striving to find new ways to get our message out to current and prospective members. This web site allows us to reach people we may never have been able to contact before.
Please use this site to access the information you need about the catholic church and as a resource for broadening your faith. We look forward to hearing from you and answering any questions you might have.
[IF YOU NEED TO GET IN TOUCH WITH ME HERE IS MY E-MAIL ADDRESS: email@example.com
( MY WIFE AND I ARE EUCHARISTIC MINISTERS ) We Serve The Shutin In Our Parish...
[GETTING TO KNOW YOUR FAITH] WHO IS GOD,WHAT IS FAITH, WHAT IS THE MYSTERY OF THE HOLY TRINITY,WHY DO YOU SAY GOD IS INFINITELY PERFECT, DID ONE OF THE THREE DIVINE PERSONS BECOME MAN, WHAT DO THESE WORDS SIGNIFY..I BELIEVE IN JESUS CHRIST WHO WAS CONCEIVED BY THE HOLY GHOST,BORN OF THE VIRGIN MARY, IS JESUS CHRIST GOD AND MAN AT THE SAME TIME, WHY DID GOD THE SON BECOME MAN, HOW DID JESUS CHRIST SAVE US...
[YOU KNOW YOU HEAR SO MUCH ABOUT THE KINGDOM OF GOD;WHAT IS THE KINGDOM OF GOD,THE FORERUNNER OF THE KINGDOM OF GOD,WAS JOHN THE BAPTIST,WHO APPEARED IN THE WILDERNESS OF JUDEA,PROCLAIMING,"REPENT,FOR THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN HAS COME NEAR.'THIS IS THE ONE OF WHOM THE PROPHET "ISAIAH" SPOKE WHEN HE SAID,"THE VOICE OF ONE CRYING OUT IN THE WILDERNESS:'PREPARE THE WAY OF THE LORD,MAKE HIS PATHS STRAIGHT.[Mt.3:1-3,NRSV].
THERE ARE SOME WHO BELIEVE THAT THE KINGDOM OF GOD HAS ARRIVED IN HEAVEN. THERE ARE OTHERS WHO BELIEVE THAT IT WILL COME WHEN JESUS PHYSICALLY RETURNS TO REIGN FOR A THOUSAND YEARS ON EARTH. STILL OTHERS BELIEVE THAT THE KINGDOM OF GOD IS INHERITED BY SIMPLY HAVING FAITH IN JESUS CHRIST,IS THE KINGDOM OF GOD TRULY THAT EASY TO INHERIT? WHICH OF THESE BELIEFS ARE BIBLICALLY SOUND?
[CHRIST REVEALED THE KINGDOM OF GOD]
["AFTER JOHN THE BAPTIST WAS ARRESTED,JESUS CAME TO GALILEE,PROCLAIMING THE GOOD NEWS OF GOD,AND SAYING,"THE TIME IS FULFILLED,AND THE KINGDOM OF GOD HAS COME NEAR;REPENT,AND BELIEVE IN THE GOOD NEWS.[Mk.1:14-15]JESUS STATED THAT HE MUST PROCLAIM THE GOOD NEWS OF THE KINGDOM OF GOD TO THE OTHER CITIES ALSO,FOR HE WAS SENT BY THE HEAVENLY FATHER FOR THIS PURPOSE.[Lk.4:43]"JESUS,ACCOMPANIED BY THE TWELVE DISCIPLES,WENT ABOUT ALL THE CITIES AND VILLAGES,TEACHING IN THEIR SYNAGOGUES,AND PROCLAIMING THE GOOD NEWS OF THE KINGDOM OF GOD.AND CURING EVERY DISEASE AND EVERY SICKNESS.[Mt.9:35;Lk.8;1]
[HE ALSO SENT OUT HIS TWELVE DISCIPLES TO PROCLAIM THE KINGDOM OF GOD AND TO HEAL,GIVING THEM POWER AND AUTHORITY OVER ALL DEMONS AND TO CURE ALL DISEASES.[Lk. 9:1-2] WHEREVER JESUS WENT,WHEN THE CROWDS FOUND OUT ABOUT IT,THEY FOLLOWED HIM,AND HE WELCOMED THEM. HE SPOKE TO THEM ABOUT THE KINGDOM OF GOD,HEALING THOSE WHO NEEDED TO BE CURED.[Lk. 9:11]
[SO MY FRIENDS THE KINGDOM OF GOD IS WITH IN US AND ALSO WITH IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH OK...GOD BLESS,IF YOU WANT TO READ MORE ON THE KINGDOM OF GOD GO TO MY CATHOLIC LINKS AND FIND THE LINK ON THE KINGDOM OF GOD AND CLICK IT OK GOD BLESS.
[THIS IS STILL ABOUT CONFESSION OF SINS OK,THIS GOES WITH THE TEXT ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF PAGE,][LETS LOOK AT THE 1ST & 3RD COMMANDMENTS OF GOD,DO YOU SEEK TO LOVE GOD WITH YOUR HOLE HEART? HAVE YOU OMITTED TO SAY YOUR MORNING OR NIGHT EVENING PRAYERS?HAVE YOU MISSED HOLY MASS,THROUGH YOUR OWN FAULT,ON SUNDAYS OR HOLY DAYS OF OBLIGATION? HAVE YOU COME LATE TO MASS,OR LEFT THE CHURCH BEFORE MASS WAS OVER? HAVE YOU TALKED,OR LAUGHED,OR LET YOURSELF BE DISTRACTED DURING MASS? HAVE YOU,WITHOUT ANY EXCUSE,EATEN MEAT ON FRIDAYS,OR FAILED TO OBSERVE THE LAWS OF LENT? HAVE YOU NEGLECTED TO MAKE YOUR EASTER DUTY? TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE SUPPORT OF YOUR PASTORS? HAVE YOU DOUBTED GOD'S GOODNESS, OR PRESUMED ON HIS MERCY,OR REBELLED AGAINST HIS WILL? HAVE YOU GIVEN WAY TO THOUGHTS OF FEELINGS OR PRIDE?HAVE YOU BEEN VAIN,OR CONCEITED,OR DESPISED ORTHERS?HAVE YOU BEEN PRESENT AT A NON-CATHOLIC SERVICE,OR QUESTIONED HER AUTHORITY? HAVE YOU EVER RECEIVED COMMUNION IN THE STATE OF MORTAL SIN? HAVE YOU EVER DELIBERATELY TOLD A LIE IN CONFESSION OR HAVE YOU WITHHELD A MORTAL SIN FROM THE PRIEST IN CONFESSION? HAVE YOU BEEN INVOLBED WITH SUPERSTITIOUS PRACTICES OR HAVE YOU BEEN INVOLVED WITH THE OCCULT? DO YOU DO NEEDLESS WORK ON SUNDAY?
[LETS LOOK AT THE 5TH COMMANDMENT OF GOD] HAVE YOU EVER BEEN IMPATIENT,OR ANGRY,OR BAD TEMPERED,OR QUARRELSOME? HAVE YOU WISHED HARM TO OTHERS,OR JUDGED THEM RASHLY OR UNKINDLY? HAVE YOU BEEN SELFISH OR SULKY,OR MEAN,OR DISAGREEABLE? HAVE YOU BEEN ENVIOUS OR JEALOUS,OR GIVEN WAY TO FEELINGS OF RESENTMENT? HAVE YOU HARBOURED THOUGHTS OR FEELINGS OF DISLIKE,OF HATRED,OR OF REVENGE?HAVE YOU BEEN FIGHTING OR CAUSED BODILY HARM TO ANYONE? HAVE YOU BEEN LAZY,OR SLOTHFUL OR WASTED YOUR TIME,OR NEGLECTED YOUR WORK? HAVE YOU GIVEN BAD EXAMPLE,OR LED OTHERS INTO SIN, OR BEEN IN BAD COMPANY? HAVE YOU BEEN GUILTY OF GLUTTONY (OVER EATING),OR TAKEN TOO MUCH DRINK? HAVE YOU MUTILATED YOURSELF THROUGH ANY FORM OF STERILIZATION? HAVE YOU ENCOURAGED OR CONDONED STERILIZATION?
[LETS LOOK AT THE 7TH COMMANDMENT OF GOD] HAVE YOU TAKEN AND KEPT WHAT BELONGED TO ANOTHER? HAVE YOU STOLEN MONEY,OR WASTED OTHER PEOPLE'S MONEY? HAVE YOU SQUANDERED YOUR EARNINGS ON DRINK OR ON GAMBLING? HAVE YOU CHEATED,OR BEEN DISHONEST,OR BEEN GUILTY OF FRAUD IN YOUR DEALINGS WITH OTHERS? HAVE YOU INJURED OTHERS IN THEIR BUSINESS,OR DAMAGED THEIR PROPERTY,OR POSSESSIONS? HAVE YOU NEGLECTED TO PAY YOUR JUST DEBTS,OR TO MAKE RESTITUTION OF ILL-GOTTEN GOODS? DO YOU WASTE TIME AT WORK,SCHOOL OR AT HOME?
[ABOUT CONFESSION][ONCE YOU'VE DISCOVERED YOUR SINS,DETERMINE IF THEY ARE MORTAL OR VENIAL SINS,ALONG WITH ANY SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES WHICH MAY AFFECT THEM.DETERMINE THEIR FREQUENCY OR NUMBER AND THEN EXCITE IN YOURSELF A TRUE SORROW AND DETESTAION OF YOUR SINS...THIS IS THE MOST ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENT FOR A GOOD CONFESSION. APPROACH THE CONFESSIONAL AS IF YOU WERE GOING TO CONFESS TO OUR LORD HIMSELF...GOD BLESS
[BEFORE CONFESSION]MAKE A GOOD ACT OF CONTRITION]AN ACT OF CONTRITION WHAT A SUBJECT OF CONFUSION FOR ME,O' MY GOD,CONSTANTLY TO FALL INTO THE SAME SINS,SO OFTEN AND SO EASILY,AND AFTER HAVING SO OFTEN PROMISED TO COMMIT THEM NO MORE!..I HAVE ABUSED THY GOODNESS BY OFFENDING THEE,O' MY GOD,MY CREATOR, AND THE BEST AND MOST PATIENT OF FATHERS! LET THY SACRED HEART BE TOUCHED BY THE REGRETS OF A HEART DEEPLY AFFICTED FOR HAVING OFFENDED THEE WHO ART INFINITELY GOOD,AND SO WORTHY TO BE LOVED.
[PARDON ME,O' MY GOD,FOR ALL THE EVIL THAT I HAVE COMMITTED,AND THAT I HAVE CAUSED TO BE COMMITTED; PARDON ME FOR THE SINS I KNOW,AS WELL AS FOR THOSE I DO NOT REMEMBER,I DETEST THEM,I RENOUNCE THEM,I WOULD WILLINGLY MAKE AMENDS AT THE PRICE OF ALL THAT I HOLD DEAREST,FOR THE DISPLEASURE I HAVE CAUSED THEE, SUPPLY FOR MY SORROW,O' MY SAVIOUR,BY THE MERITS OF THY AGONY IN THE GARDEN OF OLIVES; PUT IN MY HEART SOME OF THAT PROFOUND SORROW WITH WHICH THY SOUL WAS THEN PENETRATED AT THE THOUGHTS OF MY SINS...(CONTEMPLATE THE CRUCIFIX FOR A FEW MINUTES)
[RENEWAL OF THE PROMISES OF BAPTISM I RENOUNCE SATAN,AND ALL HIS WORKS,AND ALL HIS POMPS,AND I PLEDGE MYSELF TO JESUS CHRIST FOREVER, AMEN
[ABOUT THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH] 1.PETER IS THE ROCK ON WHICH THE CHURCH IS BUILT. 2.PETER HAS THE KEYS OF AUTHORITY OVER THE EARTHLY KINGDOM,THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. 3.PETER'S KEYS AND PAPAL SUCCESSION. 4.THE CHURCH IS INFALLIBLE AND SUPERNATURAL. 5.THE CHURCH IS VISIBLE AND ONE. 6.THE CHURCH IS HIERARCHICAL. 7.CONTROVERSIES IN THE CHURCH.
Frequently Asked Questions about sins against the Holy Spirit. Page 1 of 3 Frequently Asked Questions about SINS AGAINST THE HOLY SPIRIT Click on the question of your choice to be taken to the answer. 1. What does the Catholic Church teach about sins against the Holy Spirit?" 2. More specifically, what sins offend the Holy Spirit?" 3. Where do I find in the Holy Bible the reference to blaspheme against the Holy Spirit?" Q. 1. Where do I find in the Holy Bible the reference to blaspheme against the Holy Spirit? A. Through its Catechism, the Catholic Church teaches that: '"Whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit never has forgivness, but is guilty of an eternal sin.' [Mk. 3:29; Mt. 12:32; Lk. 12:10] There are no limits to the mercy of God, but anyone who deliberately refuses to accept his mercy by repenting, rejects the forgiveness of his sins and the salvation offered by the Holy Spirit. [John Paul II, DeV 46] Such hardness of heart can lead to final impenitence and eternal loss." Return to Table of Contents Q. 2. More specifically, what sins offend the Holy Spirit? A. There are six sins that offend the Holy Spirit. These are: (1) Despair, "By despair, man ceases to hope for his personal salvation from God, for help in attaining it or for the forgiveness of his sins. Despair is contrary to God's goodness, to his justice - for the Lord is faithful to his promises - and to his mercy." (C.C.C. # 2091) (2) Presumption of God's mercy, "There are two kinds of presumption. Either man presumes upon his own capacities, (hoping to be able to save himself without help from on high), or he presumes upon God's almighty power or his mercy (hoping to obtain his forgiveness without conversion and glory without merit)." (C.C.C. #
Frequently Asked Questions about sins against the Holy Spirit. Page 2 2092) (3) Impugning the known truth, (Clarification: To "inpugn" the known truth means to attack it by word or argument, to resist it, to contradict it, or even to oppose the known truth or to challenge it as false.) (4) Envy the spiritual good of another, (Clarification: Regarding the gifts of the Holy Spirit, the First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians states, "All these are activated by one and the same Spirit, who allots to each one individually as the Spirit chooses." To envy the spiritual good of another is to question the Divine judgment of the Holy Spirit in His distribution of spiritual gifts. It is to be jealous of another person who has a gift different than one's own gift. Through envy, one rejects the gift that he has received from the Holy Spirit, determining in his own mind that the gift he has received is not good enough for him and he wants someone else's gift.) (5) Obstinacy in sin, (Clarification: To be "obstinate" means to resist the sanctifying power of the Holy Spirit, to be stubborn, to persist in sin, to be unyielding.) (6) Final impenitence. (Clarification: "Impenitence" means to be uncontrite, unrepentant, hardened, unconverted, to be without regret, shame or remorse.) Return to Table of Contents Q. 3. Where do I find in the Holy Bible the reference to blaspheme against the Holy Spirit? A. All of the following passages make reference to it: "Whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come." [Mt. 12:32] "But whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit can never have forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin." [Mk. 3:29] "And everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven; but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven." [Lk. 12:10]
"OUR CHURCH ST. PETER AND PAUL CATHOLIC CHURCH. SCOTT,LA 70506
~ OUR WEEKEND MASS SCHEDULE:~ Saturday Vigil Mass...4pm..6pm Sunday Mass..6:30..8:00..10:00..6:00pm.
(THIS BANNER BELOW IS FOR MY SWEETHEART MY WIFE)
[THE FIRST ARK OF THE COVENANT] IT HELD THE WORD OF GOD WRITTEN ON STONE TABLETS. IT HELD THE SYMBOL OF THE HIGH PRIEST,THE ROD OF AARON. IT HELD THE MANNA,THE BREAD COME DOWN FROM HEAVEN.
[THE ARK WAS MADE OF INCORRUPTIBLE WOOD.] "AND THOU SHALT MAKE THE ARK OF TESTIMONY OF INCORRUPTIBLE WOOD..." Exodus 25:10,Septuagint...
"THE NEW ARK OF THE COVENANT" vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv "LOOK DOWN AND SEE THE ARK"
[THE NEW ARK CARRIED THE WORD OF GOD INCARNATE. SHE CARRIED THE HIGH PRIEST OF GOD. SHE CARRIED THE BREAD COME DOWN FROM HEAVEN. (Luke. 2:7) SHE WAS ASSUMED,INCORRUPTIBLE INTO HEAVEN. "AND THE TEMPLE OF GOD IN HEAVEN WAS OPENED, AND THERE WAS SEEN THE "ARK OF HIS COVENANT" IN HIS TEMPLE,AND THERE CAME FLASHES OF LIGHTNING,AND PEALS OF THUNDER,AND AN EARTHQUAKE, AND GREAT HAIL. AND A GREAT SIGN APPEARED IN HEAVEN; A WOMAN CLOTHED WITH THE SUN, AND THE MOON WAS UNDER HER FEET, AND UPON HER HEAD A CROWN OF TWELVE STARS." [Rev.11:19-12:1]
THE OLD TESTAMENT ARK OF THE COVENANT WAS A "TYPE" OF THE NEW TESTAMENT REALITY, THE "ANTITYPE" REALITY BEING THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY. THE ARK AS SEEN IN HEAVEN IS NOT THE OLD TESTAMENT WOODEN BOX...IT IS THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY.
~HOLY MICHAEL,THE ARCHANGEL,DEFEND US IN BATTLE.BE OUR SAFEGUARD AGAINST THE WICKEDNESS AND SNARES OF THE DEVIL.MAY GOD REBUKE HIM,WE HUMBLY PRAY;AND DO YOU,O PRINCE OF THE HEAVENLY HOST,BY THE POWER OF GOD CAST INTO HELL SATAN AND ALL THE EVIL SPIRITS WHO WANDER THROUGHT THE WORLD SEEKING THE RUIN OF SOULS...AMEN.
[THE KINGDOM OF GOD]JESUS'S WORK OF PROCLAIMING THE KINGDOM OF GOD DID NOT END WHILE HE WAS ON EARTH. AFTER HIS SUFFERING,DEATH AND RESURRECTION,HE PRESENTED HIMSELF ALIVE TO HIS DISCIPLES BY MANY CONVINCING PROOFS,APPEARING TO THEM DURING FORTY DAYS AND SPEAKING ABOUT THE KINGDOM OF GOD.[Acts.1:3]"while staying with his disciples,jesus ordered them not to leave jerusalem,but to wait there for the promise of the father."[Acts.1:4] THE DISICPLES WERE TOLD TO WAIT A FEW DAYS TO BE BAPTIZED WITH THE HOLY SPIRIT.
[JESUS COMPARED THE KINGDOM OF GOD TO A MAN WHO SOWED SEED IN HIS FIELD AND WHILE EVERYBODY WAS ASLEEP,AN ENEMY CAME AND SOWED WEEDS AMONG THE WHEAT.[Mt. 13:24-5]THIS PARALLELS THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH THAT WAS FOUNDED BY JESUS. ITS FIELD IS THE WHOLE WORLD. THE GOOD SEED IS THE SPIRITUAL CHILDREN OF GOD WITHIN THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH. [Mt.13:38]SATAN PLANTS DECEIVERS AMOUG THE PEOPLE TO MISLEAD GOD'S CHILDREN FROM THE TRUTH.[Mt.13:39]THESE DECEIVERS WILL BE GATHERED BY THE ANGELS[Mt.13:39]AND BURNED WHERE THERE WILL BE WEEPING AND GNASHING OF TEETH.[Mt.13:42]PRIOR TO THE GATHERING OF THE SPIRITUAL CHILDREN OF GOD WHO WILL REJOICE IN THE ETERNAL KINGDOM OF HEAVEN.
[IN ANOTHER PARABLE,JESUS SAID THAT THE KINGDOM OF GOD IS LIKE YEAST THAT A WOMAN TOOK AND MIXED IN WITH THREE MEASURES OF FLOUR UNTIL ALL OF IT WAS LEAVENED.[Mt.13:33] EQUALLY,THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH HAS RISEN AND CONTINUES TO RISE AS YEAST MIXED WITH FLOUR UNTIL IT WILL COME TO ITS FULFILLMENT ON ITS LAST DAY. THE GROWTH OF THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH IS MANIFESTED THROUGH THE THREE PRESENCES OF THE HOLY TRINITY,THE GRACE OF GOD,THE LOVE OF JESUS AND THE POWER OF THE HOLY SPIRIT.
[ST. THERESE OF LISIEUX] NOVENA PRAYER FOR "INTENTION"] COME,TO MY AID O GOD O LORD,MAKE HASTE TO HELP ME. ALMIGHTY GOD,FATHER OF MERCIES AND GIVER OF ALL GOOD GIFTS,I COME BEFORE YOU TO HONOR YOU AND YOUR SAINTS AND TO ASK THEIR HELP IN MY MANY NEEDS. YOU PROMISED THROUGH CHRIST,YOUR SON, THAT THOSE WHO ASK,WOULD RECEIVE; THAT THOSE WHO SEEK,WOULD FIND AND THAT THOSE WHO KNOCK,IT WOULD HAVE DOORS OPENED TO THEM. THROUGH THE POWERFUL INTERCESSION OF ST. THERESE,HEAR THE PRAYERS OF YOUR CHURCH,PARDON MY SINS AND GRANT MY REQUESTS ACCORDING TO YOUR HOLY WILL. AMEN.
O ST.THERESE, FLOWER OF CARMEL,YOU SAID YOU WOULD SPEND ALL YOUR TIME IN HEAVEN,DOING GOOD UPON EARTH. LISTEN NOW TO MY PRAYER AND BRING BEFORE THIS MY SPECIAL INTENTION...
PRAY FOR ME THAT I MAY BECOME MORE LIKE YOU; THAT I M,AY LOVE MY GOD IN EVEREY CIRCUMSTANCE OF LIFE; THAT I MAY LIVE IN UNION WITH GOD EACH MOMENT; THAT I MAY HAVE COMPLETE TRUST IN GOD AT ALL TIMES; THAT I MAY ALWAYS BE HUMBLE,PURE AND GOOD; THAT I MAY PERSEVERE IN GOD'S GRACE TO THE END; THAT I MAY ONE DAY SEE THE FACE OF GOD IN HEAVEN.
O ST THERESE, PRAY FOR US ALL THAT WE MAY REMAIN ALWAYS FAITHFUL TO GOD AND BE EVER MORE DEVOTED TO HIS HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH. MAY OUR LIVES, LIKE YOURS,BE ABLE TO TOUCH THE WORLD AND MAKE VISIBLE TO ALL GOD'S MERCY AND LOVE. O ST THEREES, PRAY FOR US. AMEN
[CONFESSION OF SINS][EXAMINATION OF CONSCIENCE]NOW EXAMINE YOUR CONSCIENCE,TO SEE WHAT SINS YOU HAVE COMMITTED SINCE YOUR LAST CONFESSION,OR IN YOUR PAST LIFE. [PRELIMINARY EXAMENS]*WHEN DID YOU MAKE YOUR LAST CONFESSION?*DIDYOU TAKE SUFFICIENT PAINS TO AWAKEN CONTRITION?*DID YOU OMIT TO CONFESS A MORTAL SIN,EITHER INTENTIONALY OR THROUGH FORGETFUL-NESS?*DID YOU INTENTIONALY NEGLECT TO DO THE PENANCE IMPOSED ON YOU, OR WERE YOU SO CARELESS THAT YOU FORGOT IT?*HAVE YOU CARRIED OUT THE RESOLUTIONS YOU MADE AT YOUR LAST CONFESSION OR HAVE YOU PAID NO HEED AT ALL TO THEM?
[LETS LOOK AT THE 2ND COMMANDMENT] HAVE YOU BLASPHEMED,OR MISUSED THE HOLY NAME OF GOD,OR OF OUR LORD? HAVE YOU BEEN IN THE HABIT OF CURSING AND SWEARING,OR USING OBSCENE LANGUAGE? HAVE YOU SPOKEN IRREVERENTLY OF HOLY THINGS,OR OF PERSONS CONSECRATED TO GOD,OR TREATED THEM WITH DISRESPECT? HAVE YOU EVER TAKEN A FALSE OATH,OR GIVEN FALSE EVIDENCE IN A COURT OF JUSTICE? HAVE YOU WISHED EVIL UPON ANY OTHER PERSON?
[LETS LOOK AT THE 4TH COMMANDMENT OF GOD] HAVE YOU BEEN DISOBEDIENT TO YOUR PARENTS OR TO THOSE IN AUTHORITY OVER YOU? HAS YOUR CONDUCT EVER CAUSED THEM PAIN OR ANXIETY? HAVE YOU NEGLECTED YOUR DUTY TO THOSE UNDER YOUR CARE OR AUTHORITY? HAVE YOU BEEN UNKIND,OR UNJUST,OR CRUEL TO THEM? DO YOU GIVE YOUR FAMILY GOOD RELIGIOUS EXAMPLE? DO YOU HELP CARE FOR YOUR AGES AND INFIRM RELATIVES?
[LETS LOOK AT THE 6TH AND 9TH COMMANDMENT OF GOD] HAVE YOU ENTERTAINED IMPURE THOUGHTS,OR HAD IMPURE DESIRES,OR UNLAWFULLY DESIRED TO HAVE WHAT BELONGED TO ANOTHER? HAVE YOU DONE ANYTHING IMPURE BY YOURSELF,OR WITH ANYONE ELSE? HAVE YOU TOUCHED OTHETRS IMMODESTLY,OR ROUSED THEIR PASSIONS? HAVE YOU LOOKED AT BAD PICTURES,OR IMAGES,OR READ BAD BOOKS? HAVE YOU SAID IMPURE WORDS,OR TOLD BAD STORIES,OR LISTENED TO THEM? HAVE YOU,AS A MARRIED PERSON,BEEN UNFAITHFUL TO YOUR MARRIAGE VOWS,OR NEGLECTED THE DUTIES OF YOUR STATE,OR VIOLATED THE LAWS OF HOLY MATRIMONY? HAVE YOU USED ANY METHOD OF CONTRACEPTION OR ARTIFICIAL BIRTH CONTROL IN YOUR MARRIAGE? DO YOU SEEK TO BE CHASTE IN YOUR THOUGHTS,WORDS AND ACTIONS? ARE YOU CAREFUL TO DRESS MODESTLY? DO YOU PRAY AT ONCE TO BANISH IMPURE THOUGHTS AND TEMPTATIONS?
[LETS LOOK AT THE 8TH and 10TH COMMANDMENT OF GOD] HAVE YOU TOLD LIES,OR BEEN DECEITFUL? HAVE YOU SPOKEN OF THE FAULT OF OTHERS,OR INDULGED IN UNCHARITABLE GOSSIP OR CRITICISM?HAVE YOU SAID WHAT IS FALSE ABOUT PEOPLE,OR TAKEN AWAY ANOTHERS GOOD NAME OR CHARACTER...HAVE YOU COMPLAINED,OR MURMURED AGAINST AUTHORITY,OR STIRRED UP STRIFE,OR CAUSED DISCONTENT? HAVE YOU REFUSED TO FORGIVE THOSE WHO HAVE OFFENDED YOU,OR CAUSED YOU HARM? HAVE YOU EVER REFUSED TO HELP THOSE WHOM YOU KNEW TO BE IN WANT? HAVE YOU BEEN DISCONTENT WITH YOUR LOT IN LIFE,OR ENVIED THE GOOD FORTUNE OF OTHERS,OR COVETED WHAT THEY POSSESSED? HAVE YOU NEGLECTED TO SAY THE PENANCE GIVEN YOU IN YOUR LAST CONFESSION? DO YOU KEEP SECRET WHAT SHOULD BE KEPT CONFIDENTIAL? ARE MATERIAL POSSESSIONS THE PURPOSE OF YOUR LIFE? DO YOU TRUST THAT GOD WILL CARE FOR ALL MY MATERIAL NEEDS
[IN THE CONFESSIONAL]
[KNEEL DOWN IN THE CONFESSIONAL,BEGIN WITH THE SIGN OF THE CROSS AND SAY.."BLESS ME FATHER FOR I HAVE SINNED" TELL THE PRIEST NOW HOW LONG IT IS SINCE YOUR LAST CONFESSION "FATHER,IT HAS BEEN A WEEK (A FORNIGHT, A MONTH,A YEAR,OR MORE) SINCE MY LAST CONFESSION. THESE ARE MY SINS. I ACCUSE MYSELF OF.."HERE MENTION THE SINS THAT YOU REMEMBER TO HAVE COMMITTED. IF YOU HAVE ANY SERIOUS SINS TO CONFESS, TELL THEM SIMPLY AND CLEARLY,AND THE NUMBER OF TIMES THAT YOU HAVE COMMITTED THEM. TELL YOUR SINS TO THE PRIEST AS YOU WOULD TO OUR LORD HIMSELF,AND NEVER KEEP A SIN BACK. THE PRIEST WILL ALWAYS HELP YOU IF YOU HAVE ANY SIN THAT YOU FIND HARD TO CONFESS.
[AFTER YOU HAVE TOLD YOUR SINS,SAY TO THE PRIEST: "FATHER,THOSE ARE ALL THE SINS THAT I REMEMBER. I'AM SORRY FOR THEM,HUMBLY ASK GOD'S PARDON FOR THEM,AND PENANCE AND ABSOLUTION OF YOU,FATHER. "THE PRIEST NOW GIVES YOU A PENANCE. IF YOU DO NOT HEAR THE PENANCE TELL THE PRIEST AND HE WILL REPEAT IT FOR YOU. LISTEN CAREFULLY TO ANY SPIRITUAL ADVICE THAT HE GIVES YOU. THE PRIEST IS NOW GOING TO FORGIVE YOUR SINS. WHILE HE GIVES YOU HOLY ABSOLUTION,SAY YOUR ACT OF CONTRITION,SLOWLY AND DEVOUTLY. "O" MY GOD,I AM SORRY AND BEG PARDON FOR ALL MY SINS,AND DETEST THEM ABOVE ALL THINGS,BECAUSE THEY DESERVE THY DREADFUL PUNISHMENTS,BECAUSE THEY HAVE CRUCIFIED MY LOVING SAVIOUR JESUS CHRIST,AND MOST OF ALL,BECAUSE THEY OFFEND THINE INFINITE GOODNESS,AND I FIRMLY RESOLVE,BY THE HELP OF THY GRACE,NEVER TO OFFEND THEE AGAIN,AND CAREFULLY TO AVOID THE OCCASIONS OF SIN,...AMEN
[DO NOT LEAVE THE CONFESSIONAL AS SOON AS YOU FINISH YOUR ACT OF CONTRITION,BUT WAIT TILL THE PRIEST DISMISSES YOU. SAY YOUR PENANCE AS SOON AS YOU COME OUT OF THE CONFESSIONAL, SO THAT YOU MAY NOT FORGET IT. THE PENANCE IS PART OF YOUR CONFESSION,AND MUST NOT BE OMITTED...GOD BLESS YOU..THIS IS ALL ON CONFESSION...
[OUR THREE VIRTUE: FAITH,HOPE,CHARITY] "THEREFORE,SINCE WE ARE JUSTIFIED BY FAITH, WE HAVE PEACE WITH GOD THROUGH OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST. THROUGH HIM WE HAVE OBTAINED ACCESS TO THIS GRACE IN WHICH WE STAND,AND WE REJOICE IN OUR HOPE OF SHARING THE GLORY OF GOD. AND HOPE DOES NOT DISAPPOINT US, BECAUSE GOD'S LOVE HAS BEEN POURED INTO OUR HEARTS THROUGH THE HOLY SPIRIT WHICH HAS BEEN GIVEN TO US." [ROMANS 5:1-2,5]
(1.WHAT DUTIES DOES THE VIRTUE OF FAITH HELP YOU FULFILL?) THE DUTY TO BELIEVE FIRMLY ALL THAT GOD HAS REVEALED,TO DEFEND YOUR CATHOLIC FAITH OPENLY WHEN NECESSARY,TO FIGHT TEMPTATIONS AGAINST FAITH,TO WITNESS YOUR FAITH TO OTHERS WITH REAL MISSIONARY ZEAL.
(2. WHAT DUTIES DOES THE VIRTUE OF HOPE HELP YOU FULFILL? THE DUTY TO TRUST FIRMLY THAT GOD WILL GIVE YOU ETERNAL SALVATION AND SLL THE MEANS TO OBTAIN IT,TO FIGHT TEMPTATIONS AGAINST CHRISTIAN HOPE. sins against hope: giving up hope and trust in God (despair);hoping in the wrong way,for example,by trusting in God's mercy while refusing to repent of your sins or to amend your life (presumption).
3.WHAT DUTIES DOES THE VIRTUE OF CHARITY HELP YOU FULFILL? THE DUTY TO LOVE GOD WITH YOUR WHOLE HEART BECAUSE HE IS ALL GOOD AND TO LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS JESUS HAS LOVED YOU. "if anyone says,'I love God,'and hates his brother,he is a liar" [ I JOHN 4:20].
(4.WHAT DOES THE COMMAND TO LOVE GOD WITH OUR WHOLE HEART IMPLY? IT MEANS THAT WE ARE CALLED TO ESTEEM gOD MORE HIGHLY THAN ANY CREATED THING AND TO WANT TO DO WHATEVER HE COMMANDS; TO LOVE HIM WITHOUT SETTING CONDITIIONS IS THE IDEAL OF CHRISTIAN LOVE."the lord Jesus,the divine teacher and model of perfection,preached holiness of life to each and every one of his disciples,regardless of their situation:'you therefore are to be perfect, even as your heavenly father is perfect'"[MATTHEW 5:48] [VATICAN COUNCIL 11,THE CHURCH,par 40].
[ 5. WHAT ARE THE BEST WAYS TO SHOW LOVE OF OUR NEIGHBOR? a) the spiritual works of mercy: admonishing the sinner,instructing the ignorant,counseling the doubtful,comforting the sorrowful,bearing wrongs patiently,forgiving injuries,praying for the living and the dead; b) the corporal works of mercy: feeding the hungry,giving drink to the thirsty,clothing the poorly clad, ransoming the captive, sheltering the homeless, visiting the sick, burying the dead.
(6.DID JESUS GIVE US A BLUEPRINT FOR A HOLY CHRISTIAN LIFE? yes,in the sermon on the mount [Matthew,chapter 5]we are given a list of virtues that will promote union with Christ and other people.
VIRGIN MOST POWERFUL: Catholic Belief in Mary's Strength
If asked to describe the Blessed Virgin Mary, which adjectives would you use? The list would quite likely include words such as gentle, sweet, humble, tender, etc., since this is how most hymns, sacred art and devotional prayers portray her.
Yes, the Godbearer is all of these things, but she is also courageous, strong, mighty and powerful. Does this sound strange? Then read on.
Mary's Strength in Scripture
The Bible does portray Mary's love, humility and silent contemplation (Lk 1:38; 2:19), traits often held up for imitation by the faithful (particularly women). But her strength, though equally evident in the Gospels, receives little or no attention from commentators.
Miriam of Nazareth is a strong woman who, at the risk of her reputation (Lk 1:34), chooses to bear the Messiah before her marriage with Joseph is finalized. She brings about the first miracle of Jesus' public ministry (Jn 2:1-11) and accompanies her Son to His death, bravely standing (not fainting!) at the foot of the Cross (John 19:25).
She whom the Litany of Loreto invokes as the Queen of Prophets reveals herself to be the Prophetess par excellance when she intones her God-breathed Magnificat:
God has shown the strenth of His arm and scattered the proud in their conceit. He has dethroned princes and exalted the lowly He has satisfied the hungry with good things and send the rich away empty -Luke 1:51-53 In his encyclical Marialis Cultus, Pope Paul VI comments on this passage: The modern woman will note with pleasant surprise that Mary of Nazareth, while completely devoted to the will of God, was far from being a timidly submissive woman or one whose piety was repellent to others; on the contrary, she was a woman who did not hesitate to proclaim that God vindicates the humble and the oppressed, and removes the powerful people of the world from their priviledged positions" (1). Mother Church identifies Mary with the Woman of Genesis 3:15 whom God said would be the perpetual enemy of the Devil: "I will put emnity between you (the serpent) and the woman, between your seed and her seed. He shall crush your head and you shall crush his heel". The Latin Vulgate translation used a feminine pronoun to refer to the Seed, thus the Douay Bible (the English translation of the Vulgate) renders the third line as "she shall crush your head" ("she" referring to the seed). Some Catholics interpreted that feminine pronoun as referring to the Woman, and thus perceived Mary as the one who would crush Satan, the ancient Serpent. This is why we often see artistic portrayals of Mary trampling on a serpent.
Although that interpretation of Genesis 3:15 was not entirely accurate, the passage itself still portrays Mary as the bitter enemy of the devil ("I will put emnity between you and the woman"). Nor is it entirely wrong to depict her in art crushing the ancient Serpent, for Saint Paul writes that the entire Church will one day crush Satan underfoot with God's help (Romans 16:30). Mary, the Image and Model of the Church, already enjoys that victory by virtue of her Immaculate Conception. By the power of Jesus Christ her Son she is the triumphant foe of Satan, never his defeated slave.
Judith, the deuterocanonical heroine who saves the Israelites by beheading the enemy general Holofernes, is a prototype of Mary, and the Church attributes to Our Lady the high praises accorded to Judith:
And they all adored the Lord, and said to (Judith): The Lord hath blessed thee by his power, because by thee he hath brought our enemies to naught...Blessed art thou, O daughter, by the Lord the most high God, above all women upon the earth. Blessed be the Lord who made heaven and earth, who hath directed thee to the cutting off the head of the prince of our enemies...Thou art the glory of Jerusalem, thou art the joy of Israel, thou art the honor of our people.
-Judith 13:22-24; 15:10 (Douay) Mary's identification with the Shulamite in the Song of Songs allowed for the application of such titles as Tower of David (SS 4:4) and Tower of Ivory (7:4) to her. Both of these titles have martial significance, for they portray Mary as a powerful fortress. "Thy neck is as the tower of David, which is built with bulwarks: a thousand bucklers hang upon it, all the armour of valiant men" -Song of Songs 4:4 "As a tower of ivory, (Mary) is beloved by God and terrible to the Devil" (2).
Turris eburnea, Ivory Tower: thus we call her, for strength of soul is an inseparable characteristic of the Immaculate Virgin at each turning point of her life. Never was anyone more courageous than this woman. Except Christ Himself, the world has never know such delicacy of soul allied with such self-mastering courage. (3)
Songs 6:10 depicts the Shulamite as "terrible as an army set in battle array". Catholics apply this image to the Virgin as well, for her sinless glory is terrifying to the demonic forces (hence the Marian title, Terror of Demons!). Pope Pius XII extolled her under these titles:
Mary is beautiful in herself as the moon, radiates her brilliance as the sun; but against "the enemy" she is formidable; terrible as an army arrayed for war. As we rejoice and exalt her today, God knows how we would like to forget the difficulties of the times in which we live....There is the "enemy" even at the very doors of the Church, threatening souls. And behold, another aspect of Mary: her power in combat....Mary, sinless, has crushed the head of the corrupting serpent. When Mary approaches, the demon flees - just as darkness dissipates when the sun rises. Where Mary is present, Satan is absent; where the sun shines, there is no darkness (4). The Strength of Mary in Catholic Devotion The Brown Scapular of the Carmelite Order has become a very important symbol of devotion to Mary. Yet the scapular is also a symbol of spiritual warfare; it is the "uniform" of the legions of spiritual warriors who fight under the banner of Mary.
The following is an exerpt from a Novena to Our Lady of Mount Carmel:
How strange it seems to think of Mary as a warrior. The gentle maid of Nazareth, the Virginal Mother, the Mother of the Prince of Peace, is still called -and properly called- "More terrible than army in battle array." And so she is.... Mary, conqueror of heresies Mary, triumphant always in the battle with sin. When then we put on the scapular, which is Mary's uniform, we join in a special way the regiment of which Mary is the queen and honorary colonel. We pledge ourselves to do battle against the enemy of the human race. We will be victorious as Mary is victorious, and conquering as Christ is conquering" (5). Some other Marian titles which express her strength are Virgin Most Powerful (mentioned in the Litany of Loreto) and Our Lady of Victory. The former expresses her powerful intercession, and the latter the fact that she is victorious over all our spiritual enemies and all evil.
Our Lady of Succor The inhabitants of the Sicilian town of Caltavulturo venerate the Madonna as their patroness under the title Our Lady of Succor. The traditional image associated with this title is rather intriguing, for Mary is portrayed holding a club in her upraised right hand which she uses to drive away enemies who threaten her children! Those "enemies" could be natural ones, such as invaders seeking to attack the town, or spiritual enemies, as depicted in the painting on the left. Most of us are probably not used to seeing the gentle Madonna weilding a weapon! But regardless of what one thinks of this picture, one thing is certain:
This is not an image of a weak, timid female!
Our Lady of Succor by Giovanni da Monte Rubiano. For another powerful image of the Blessed Virgin, see this striking Picture of Our Lady of Guadalupe defeating the seven-headed dragon of Apocalypse/Revelation 12.
A reader recently emailed me with additional information about devotion of Our Lady of Succor (also called Our Lady of Help). She points out that it is not just a Sicilian devotion, but was very common throughout Italy during the 14th and 15th centuries. It seems to have originated among the Augustinians. She said that there are numerous paintings of Our Lady of Succor, and that the one above depicts a particular miracle: A mother was so angry at her child that she cried: "May the devil take you away!". Suddenly the devil appeared and snatched the child. The poor mother, repenting and regretting, asked for help from Our Lady of Succor, who appeared and delivered the child.
I am very grateful for this new information!
In northern Italy about 200 years ago, Saint John Bosco promoted devotion to Mary Help of Christians (another title drawn from the Litany of Loreto). His own prayer to her expresses the power and authority of the Mother of God under this title:
Mary, most powerful Virgin, You are the mighty and glorious Protector of the Church. You are the marvelous Help of Christians. You are awe-inspiring as an army in battle array. You have destroyed heresy in the world. In the midst of our anguish, our struggle and our distress defend us from the power of the enemy, and at the hour of our death receive our soul into heaven. Amen. (6) Note all the references to powerful Marian titles mentioned above - most powerful Virgin, terrible as an army, Destroyer of heresies, etc. Commenting on the title "Help of Christians", Saint Alphonsus de Liguori writes:
Saint John Damascene call Mary "the prepared and always ready help of Christians, by which they are delivered from dangers". The help of Mary is, as St. Cosmas of Jerusalem writes, "all-powerful to deliver us from sin and hell." St. Bernard, addressing Mary, says, "Thou art an invincible warrior in defence of thy servants, fighting against the devils who assail them." (7) Conclusion This selection of Marian titles and devotions should sufficiently prove that the Blessed Virgin is no helpless weakling. She possesses and exemplifies feminine strength, which fights and conquers evil and protects dependents, such as children. In the Virgin most Powerful, all women can find a model of personal strength and fortitude, to balance out the example of receptivity and silent contemplation. All of these virtues have an important place - for both women and men! - in the Christian life.
Paul VI (1974) Marialis Cultus, paragraph 37. Rupert of Deutz, quoted in The Glories of Mary, page 631. Leon Joseph Suenens, The Theology of the Apostolate, (Chicago: Regnery, 1953) 49-50. Pius XII, Talk given on 8 December 1953. Daniel A. Lord, SJ., _Mount Carmel Novena_, copyright 1947, p. 3. John Bosco, "Prayer to Mary Help of Christians" Alphonsus de Liguori, The Glories of Mary, (Brooklyn: Redemptorist, 1931) 637.